Madagascar is experiencing a situation of great structural poverty that has been worsening with the negative impact of the global financial crisis and the stagnation of the political crisis in the country since 2009.
Between 2005 and 2010, the proportion of Malagasy living below the poverty line increased from 69% to 77% - with a poverty line of less than 0.5 euro per day per person in 2010 and is observed for several years a deterioration of social indicators, a combination of factors unfavorable to the development of human capital and growing inequality.
However, the political situation is stabilizing following the inauguration in February 2014, the first President of the 4th Republic of Madagascar. Over a year after the presidential elections whose results have been unanimously recognized by the international community, budgetary support and external financing coming back little by little.
In 2008, 3.2 million people had no access to basic sanitation facilities in urban areas in Madagascar. From 2004 to 2009, there has even been a steady decline in the rate of access to sanitation in urban areas. The difficulties encountered in the area are related to population density, significant population growth without greater control of urban development and the lack of an organized network for collection and treatment of solid waste and sludge, or to the land issue.
In addition, chronic malnutrition affects over 50% of Malagasy children 6 to 59 months; and in its severe form, 26% of them. Characterized by stunted (low height for a given age), chronic under-nutrition has long-term consequences on the physical and mental child and increases the risk of mortality of it against a child well fed. It constitutes an obstacle to human and economic development (learning difficulties, physical capacity and lower productivity ...) and perpetuates the intergenerational transmission of poverty.
(Source: Action contre la Faim).
The founders of ED+, should they be Malagasy or work in Madagascar truly know and understand Madagascar. The actual poverty and especially the situation of children under nutrition like the 104 Paulins has brought ED+ to first act in Madagascar through its major scale project named TER MADA.